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The Challenges of Global Health Answer

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Week- 2

Quiz: Basic Concepts in Global Health

 

1.
Question 1
What is the World Health Organization definition of health?

1 point

  • The condition of being well or free from disease
  • To not be sick
  • The absence of disease or infirmity
  • A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being

2.
Question 2
The Global Health approach approach to improving health outcomes includes

1 point

  • none of the above two strategies
  • a combination of the above two strategies
  • population-based strategies
  • individual-level medical strategies

3.
Question 3
Which of the following is not one of Global Health’s rationales?

1 point

  • Survival of the Fittest
  • Altruism
  • Self-Interest
  • Social Justice

4.
Question 4
Diabetes is a Group I disease

1 point

  • True
  • False

5.
Question 5
North Africa and the Middle East generally fall under which WHO region?

1 point

  • EMRO
  • AMRO
  • MENA
  • SEARO

6.
Question 6
The “double yoke” or “double burden” of disease is most predominant in which group of countries?

1 point

  • LMIC
  • OECD
  • Global North
  • High Income

7.
Question 7
DALYs combine YLL (Years of Life Lost) and YLD (Years of Life with Disability).

1 point

  • False
  • True

8.
Question 8
Which set of countries has the most DALYs from Category 1 disorders?

1 point

  • Global South
  • Global North

9.
Question 9
What is the model that we use to analyze and understand determinants of health?

1 point

  • Neuropsychiatric
  • Biomental
  • Biopsychosocial
  • Sociobiological

10.
Question 10
Which is not an example of an environmental determinant?

1 point

  • All of the these choices are environmental determinants.
  • Water contaminated with feces
  • Smoke from cooking fires
  • Outdoor particulate matter in the air

11.
Question 11
Which region has the greatest burden of outdoor air pollution?

1 point

  • Asia
  • North America
  • Eastern Mediterranean
  • SubSaharan Africa

12.
Question 12
Climate change can contribute to undernutrition.

1 point

  • False
  • True

13.
Question 13
Night blindness can be attributed to a deficiency of

1 point

  • Zinc
  • Vitamin A
  • Protein
  • Iron

14.
Question 14
Our chief goal in global health is to increase DALYs

1 point

  • True
  • False

15.
Question 15
Road traffic injury will be an increasingly significant issue in Global Health

1 point

  • True
  • False

16.
Question 16
Smoking still is an increasingly significant issue in Global Health.

1 point

  • True
  • False

17.
Question 17
Why should we focus on Global Health and its challenges?

1 point

  • for the sake of social justice
  • altruism for others
  • it’s important for our own self-interest
  • a and b
  • a, b, and c

18.
Question 18
Wrapping it all up: Imagine a mother and her newborn daughter. The mother is 35, and unfortunately dies at age 36 after battling post-partum hemorrhage. The newborn survives, and lives a long life despite living with a goiter. Assume the mother’s original life expectancy was 70 years. Which category does the mother’s condition fall into?

1 point

  • Group 1
  • Group 2
  • Group 3

19.
Question 19
Wrapping it all up: Imagine a mother and her newborn daughter. The mother is 35, and unfortunately dies at age 36 after battling post-partum hemorrhage. The newborn survives, and lives a long life despite living with a goiter. Assume the mother’s original life expectancy was 70 years. Which group of disease burden (1, 2, 3) does the daughter’s condition fall into?

1 point

  • Group 1
  • Group 2
  • Group 3

20.
Question 20
Wrapping it all up: Imagine a mother and her newborn daughter. The mother is 35, and unfortunately dies at age 36 after battling post-partum hemorrhage. The newborn survives, and lives a long life despite living with a goiter. Assume the mother’s original life expectancy was 70 years. Which nutritional deficiency may have caused the child’s goiter?

1 point

  • Iodine deficiency
  • Vitamin A deficiency
  • Calcium deficiency

 

 

 

 

Week- 3

Quiz: Understanding the Key Global Health Challenges

 

1.
Question 1
A mosquito acquires the malaria parasite from an infected human and transmits the parasite to another human. The parasite is considered to be the disease

1 point

Host

Reservoir

Vector

Agent

2.
Question 2
Co-infection with HIV and TB has what impact on mortality?

1 point

None of these choices

Decreases mortality

Has no impact

Increases mortality

3.
Question 3
Which of the following can contribute to wide global spread of infectious disease?

1 point

All of these choices

Tourism

International trade

Migration

4.
Question 4
Medical adherence to ARV drugs is very important for disease control

1 point

False

True

5.
Question 5
Tuberculosis is caused by a

1 point

Helminths

Bacteria

Mosquitoes

Plasmodia

6.
Question 6
If the prevalence and incidence of a disease is reduced to zero, but measures (such as vaccinations or insecticide treatments) are still required to prevent resurgence, the disease is considered to be:

1 point

Halted

Controlled

Eliminated

Eradicated

7.
Question 7
A pandemic is an epidemic that is widespread and possibly global in reach

1 point

False

True

8.
Question 8
An example of a risk factor for NCDs include

1 point

All of these choices

Air Pollution

Poverty

Growing urbanization

9.
Question 9
The Global North has a higher percentage of total DALYs from NCDs than the Global South

1 point

False

True

10.
Question 10
Type II diabetes is

1 point

When your body does not have enough glucose

When your body does not produce enough or any insulin

When your body becomes resistant to insulin

When your body produces glucose

11.
Question 11
One of the most important strategies for improving newborn health is

1 point

Dietary supplementation with grains

Early acclimation to the living environment

Breastfeeding

12.
Question 12
Many maternal deaths are due to

1 point

Hemorrhage

None of these choices

Both hemorrage and infection

Infection

13.
Question 13
Complex emergencies are

1 point

External conflicts with large scale displacement of people, mass famine or food shortage

Conflicts with large-scale displacement of people, mass famine or food shortage

External conflicts among governmental officials of multiple countries

Internal onflicts among governmental officials of a country

14.
Question 14
Road traffic injuries are the leading cause of death among

1 point

60-74 year olds

45-59 year olds

15-29 year olds

30-44 year olds

15.
Question 15
A(n) _____ allows an agent to transmit from a reservoir to a host.

1 point

environment

triad

vector

mosquito

 

 

 

 

Week- 4

Quiz: Actors & Action: Finding Global Health Solutions

 

 

1.
Question 1
The Global Health “System” works through

1 point

state-financed NGOs.

a highly structured, hierarchical collaboration of actors.

complex and constantly evolving actions, interactions, and relationships among multiple actors.

2.
Question 2
Global health actors always work collaboratively to achieve mutual goals of health equity

1 point

True

False

3.
Question 3
Kangaroo care helps with

1 point

Carrying a child

Nursing

Newborn body temperature regulation

Carrying a sleeping child

4.
Question 4
The WHO is a part of which organization?

1 point

UNITAID

The UN

USAID

UNGH

5.
Question 5
An example of a bilateral aid agency is

1 point

USAID

Gates Foundation

GAVI

FHI

6.
Question 6
It is easy for people to change their beliefs and practices to improve their health outcomes.

1 point

True

False

7.
Question 7
mPOWER is a program by the WHO targeting

1 point

Mental health stigma

Outdoor air pollution

Tobacco

Indoor air pollution

8.
Question 8
Which element below is NOT a part of social marketing strategy?

1 point

Propinquity

Promotion

Product

Price

9.
Question 9
Monitoring and evaluation of programs is as important as planning and implementing the programs

1 point

True

False

10.
Question 10
The types of constraints to the implementation of a project can include

1 point

Political

Social

All of the above

Financial

11.
Question 11
Successful pilot study in one rural region indicates the success of the same program in another rural region

1 point

False

True

12.
Question 12
One of the best practices NCD reduction is the enforcement of the 2003 Framework Convention on Tobacco

1 point

False

True

13.
Question 13
Which is the following is the US program to address HIV/AIDS globally.

1 point

One Health

UNAIDS

PEPFAR

UNDP

14.
Question 14
The Wellcome Trust is an example of a philanthropic organization

1 point

True

False

15.
Question 15
If a program is cost-effective and has been shown to better health outcomes, nothing else needs to be taken into consideration for implementation.

1 point

True

False

 

 

Week- 5

Quiz: The Future of Global Health

 

1.
Question 1
Many countries are expected to experience a demographic shift by 2030

1 point

True

False

2.
Question 2
Demographic transitions that most countries are expected to experience will be a result of

1 point

Low birth rate, high death rate

High birth rate, low death rate

High birth rate, high death rate

Low birth rate, low death rate

3.
Question 3
There will be an increase in traffic and road injuries in the future

1 point

True

False

4.
Question 4
In terms of Group I, II, III disorders, expected global health trends for the future are

1 point

Group I remains significant, Group II and III increase

Group I remains significant, Group II and III decrease

Group I, II, III all increase

5.
Question 5
In developed countries, non-communicable diseases will remain dominant in 2030.

1 point

False

True

6.
Question 6
Which of the following will have the least positive impact on child health

1 point

Increased school fees

Deworming programs

Lower school fees

Conditional cash transfers

7.
Question 7
Surgical capacity in LMIC needs to be increased

1 point

False

True

8.
Question 8
Traditional healers and “medicine-men” must be removed from communities for overall health to improve

1 point

True

False

9.
Question 9
A way to not address climate and environmental issues is

1 point

Low carbon technologies

Solar cooking stoves

Fuel particle and emissions control

Increased use of fossil fuels

10.
Question 10
Globally, people have access to cheap heart attack drugs, like aspirin

1 point

False

True

11.
Question 11
Malaria prevention packages include

1 point

Education

All of these choices

ITN

DDT

12.
Question 12
Climate change will reduce food supplies, increase natural disasters and displace populations

1 point

False

True

13.
Question 13
Rapid urbanization will continue to create hygiene and sanitation issues

1 point

True

False

14.
Question 14
Diabetes cases in adults is expected to

1 point

Decrease

Remain the same

Increase

15.
Question 15
Although mental health is not expected to rank high in causes of death, it is expected to cost a large amount of DALYs

1 point

True

False

 

 

 

Final Exam

 

1.
Question 1
What is the WHO definition of health?

1 point

A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being

The absence of disease or infirmity

To not be sick

The condition of being well or free from disease

2.
Question 2
Which is the following will be an increasingly significant issue in LMIC?

1 point

Infectious Disease

Non-communicable Disease

3.
Question 3
Which of the following can decrease exposure to toxic smoke for women and children while reducing environmental impact?

1 point

Better home ventilation

Clean cookstoves

Using wood that has fully dried

4.
Question 4
An infectious disease is what type disorder:

1 point

Group III

Group II

Group I

5.
Question 5
Diabetes is considered what kind of disorder:

1 point

Group II

Group I

Group III

6.
Question 6
For Type I, II, III disorders, expected global health trends for the future are

1 point

Group I remains significant, Type II and III decrease

Group I, II, III all increase

Group I remains significant, Type II and III increase

Group I, II, III all decrease

7.
Question 7
The DALY distribution of injuries is higher in the Global South

1 point

True

False

8.
Question 8
A disease that has been wiped out of existence has undergone

1 point

Eradication

Elimination

Control

9.
Question 9
Which of the following gets the least focus in LMIC by Global Health Actors?

1 point

Mental health disorders

Clean water

Malaria

Tuberculosis

10.
Question 10
The suffix “emia” means

1 point

In the blood

Excess

Cholesterol

Deficient

11.
Question 11
Which of the following statements is false?

1 point

As long as each country has a good surveillance system, there is no need for international cooperation to combat infectious diseases.

Even if each country has a good surveillance system, there is still a need for international cooperation to combat infectious diseases

12.
Question 12
Which TWO of the following are most important for combating infectious disease?

1 point

Vector control

Agent proliferation

Host eradication

Environmental modification

13.
Question 13
Microbial resistance is not a global problem

1 point

True

False

14.
Question 14
Increased schooling can have an impact on multiple global health challenges.

1 point

False

True

15.
Question 15
An example of a prevention strategy is

1 point

Immunization programs

Seatbelt/helmet laws

Malaria net programs

All of these choices

16.
Question 16
Which of the following is not a determinant of obesity?

1 point

Sedentary lifestyle

Undernutrition

Overnutrition

Malnutrition

17.
Question 17
PAHO focuses on

1 point

Health in Africa

Health in Animals

Health in Asia

Health in Americas

18.
Question 18
If a program is cost-effective and has been shown to better health outcomes, nothing else needs to be taken into consideration for implementation.

1 point

False

True

19.
Question 19
People quickly and easily change their beliefs and habits to improve health

1 point

True

False

20.
Question 20
Approaching a global health issue requires

1 point

imposing “the right thing to do” on your target population.

flexibility, analysis, and multi-dimensional thinking.

creating vertical systems combating health conditions

21.
Question 21
The dengue virus is carried by a mosquito, where the mosquito acquires the virus from a sick individual and transmits the virus to a healthy individual. In this case, the virus is a(n)

1 point

Host

Vector

Reservoir

Agent

22.
Question 22
Most important risk factors for environmentally related disease are

1 point

Indoor air pollution, outdoor air pollution, unsafe water

Indoor air pollution, global warming, outdoor air pollution

Urbanization, sanitation, outdoor air pollution

Unsafe water, global warming, urbanization

23.
Question 23
The vector for malaria is

1 point

Female and male anopheles mosquitoes

Male anopheles mosquitoes

Fruit flies

Female anopheles mosquitoes

24.
Question 24
Which of the following can frequently lead to an increase in Category I, II, and III disorders?

1 point

Traffic Injury

Pandemics

Complex Emergencies

Uni-polar Depression

25.
Question 25
Which of the following is the most important underlying concept for understanding and improving global health:

1 point

World peace

Enlightened selfishness

Individual responsibility

Interdependence

 

 

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